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Could reduced crude protein (CP) diets reduce NH3 emission by 25% in chicken or pig farms? In today’s Animal Nutrition Insights, Redox’s Animal Nutritionist Dr Yumin Bao shares his research on amino acids and feed enzymes supplementation that could help to reduce the environmental impacts of poultry and pig production.

Poultry and swine farming has a significant environmental impact on climate change and air or water pollution. In the past decade, phytase, a feed grade enzyme, has been widely used in poultry and swine production to reduce inorganic phosphorus usage and pollution significantly. 

In recent years, the poultry and pig industry has successfully developed reduced crude protein (CP) diets by supplementing unbound crystalline L-LysineL-MethionineL-ThreonineL-tryptophanL-ValineL-Isoleucine and L-Arginine, but not compromising chicken and pig performance. It is estimated that each 10 g/kg CP reduction in pig farms could reduce NH3 by 10%, and in poultry, each 15 g/kg CP reduction might reduce NH3 by 16% (Cappelaere et al., 2021). 

Based on recent broiler chicken studies at the University of Sydney, apart from L-Lysine, L-Methionine and Threonine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine, and L-Arginine are added to broiler chicken diets could further reduce CP by 15g/kg.        

However, it is noticed that in the current CP reduction strategy, feed formulation was conducted by digestible lysine concentration and then balanced with other digestible amino acids, and undigested CP was not considered in the feed formulation. 

It is well-known that adding exogenous feed enzymes in poultry and swine diets could overcome the adverse effects of antinutritional factors and improve the digestion of dietary nutrients. 

While Xylanase is becoming a norm in Australian wheat-based diets to reduce digesta viscosity in chicken or pig gut, adding Protease and Mannase has recently been demonstrated to improve dietary amino acids digestibility by 3% and increase chicken body weight gain by 5%, respectively. 

reduced crude protein diets

Body weight gain in response to Dig AME ratio

Therefore, under the current commercial conditions, adding protease and mannase could reduce Digestible Lysine concentration from 1.1% to 1.0% in the finisher period, roughly another 10-15 g/kg CP reduction. 

In conclusion, in the current poultry and swine diets with supplementation of L-Lysine, L-methionine and L-Threonine, further adding L-Valine, L-isoleucine, L-Arginine, protease, and mannase could reduce at least 25 g/kg CP and accordingly reducing NH3 emission by 25% in chicken or pig farms.

Contact us today and ask us how we can assist with specialist advice from one of our nutritionists and offer the best price and service on any of the below products:

Magnesium sulphate, often known as Epsom salt, is a versatile chemical utilised in various markets. With its long history, its use cases are as extensive as they are varied. 

In 1618, a villager named Henry Wicker at Epsom in England tried to provide his cattle water from a well. They refused to drink it because of the bitter flavour of the water. However, the farmer discovered that the water healed wounds and rashes. The fame of Epsom salts grew over time. 

Eventually, it was recognised to be magnesium sulphate, MgSO4.

How is magnesium sulphate used?

Primarily used as a foliar and irrigated fertiliser in the agriculture sector where it improves soil fertility, creating an environment conducive to growth.

Another industry it is commonly used in is the animal nutrition industry, where it is used in animal feed (feed grade) to aid the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids (fats) and proteins and for nerve activity and muscle contraction.

More recently, magnesium sulphate has experienced increased use in the pharmaceutical and health sectors with applications such as bath salts and isolation tanks.

It is even used as an active ingredient in pain-relieving lotions, creams and oils within the personal care industry.

Yet, there are instances of it being used in sectors as diverse as:

Magnesium Sulphate used in irrigated fertiliser

Magnesium Sulphate is primarily used as a foliar and irrigated fertiliser in the agriculture sector where it improves soil fertility, creating an environment conducive to growth.

The Redox advantage

Redox’s magnesium sulphate is available in various packing sizes, including 25kg bags and bulker bags, coming in a range of forms (heptahydrate, anhydrous, trihydrate, monohydrate) and conforming to many monographs (FCC, BP/USP, OMRI) 

At Redox, we take the time to understand our markets and employ a team of skilled specialists to help guide and advise our clients. Our scale efficiency allows us to keep expenses low. At the same time, our broad selection provides clients with a “one-stop-shop” alternative for services in many sectors.

Contact one of our experts to discover how Redox can be an essential element of your sourcing strategy.

Lactic Acid is a versatile material found in a variety of innovative products that was first discovered by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1780 and produced commercially by Charles E. Avery in 1881. 

It’s Applications in Industry?

Lactic Acid is a naturally occurring organic acid utilised in various industries, such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, food, and, most recently, medical industries.

In the food industry, which accounts for a large portion of the demand (35%), it has several uses:

However, it is also used as an antimicrobial in cleaning products, has applications in the leather tanning industry, in descaling processes, in the textile industry as a mordant (fixative) for dyeing, and can be converted to ethanol, propylene glycol, and acrylic polymers in the chemical industry.

Graph showing use of lactic acid across industries

Fig. 1. Uses and demand of lactic acid (The Essential Chemical Industry Online 2013)

Although it’s been commercially available for a long time, it is only in recent decades that new uses have resulted in a tremendous increase in demand.

For example, its an essential building block in producing a range of new and innovative bioplastics, PLA or Polylactic Acid – the new generation of biodegradable polymers.

The use of Lactic Acid in manufacturing environmentally friendly, green solvents is another area for significant potential growth. Using it as a green solvent enriches the diversity and versatility of bio-based green solvents and could offer an effective means for designing environmentally benign synthetic systems.

Its application and innovative usefulness seem ever-growing, and in 2010, it was included in a report issued by the U.S. Department of Energy on chemicals that are considered potential building blocks for the future.

Lactic Acid from Redox

Redox is proud to work with leading manufacturers of Lactic Acid and Lactates globally and can create solutions for all customer requirements.

Redox supplies Lactic Acid in the Australian, New Zealand, Malaysian, and North American markets and is available in various packing sizes. These include 25kg carboys250kg steel drums and 1200kg IBCs.

We offer it in a range of varied strengths, with a powder form also available for specific applications. Our Lactic Acid conforms to the Food Chemicals Codex (FCC), ensuring our product’s overall safety and integrity.

Contact one of our experts to discover how Redox can be an essential element of your sourcing strategy.

The Water Industry Operators Association of Australia (WIOA) is the peak national body for those working in operational roles in the water sector. . 

With its increasing national membership base, WIOA assists its members and water industry stakeholders in collecting, generating, and exchanging high-quality operational information.

Each year, WIOA host a variety of operationally focused conferences and exhibitions whose fundamental goals are:

Redox attends all major WIOA conferences annually and will be there at the Tamworth Regional Entertainment and Conference Centre (TRECC) this April 6th and 7th.

The conferences cover a wide range of industry personnel from all levels of the industry. This includes key decision-makers, engineers, and of course, the operators themselves.

Our team will be at stand 64, and we look forward to seeing you there. Please come by and speak with one of our specialists about how Redox can become an integral part of your sourcing strategy.

The development of surfactants based on carbohydrates and oils is an exciting expression of the ‘green chemistry’ that led to new surfactant classes: namely, alkyl polyglucoside (APG).

It was first developed in 1893 by German Chemist Emil Fischer via a process that relied on the acid-catalyzed reaction of dextrose with fatty alcohols. Following a costly and time-consuming research and development process, Henkel successfully created an industrial production method for APG.

Alkyl polyglucoside is a mild, naturally derived non-ionic ‘Green’ surfactant in liquid form and is entirely biodegradable, safe for humans and the natural environment

Some Ingredient Highlights

APG Applications in Industry?

The use cases for Alkyl polyglucoside are innumerable, with an estimated global market worth $1.1B and projected to increase over 8% during 2021 – 2031.

APG is typically used to enhance the formation of foams in detergents (surface cleaners, dishwashing and laundry detergents), but because it’s biodegradable and safe for sensitive skin, it has also found multiple applications in the personal care sector, including:

But its uses extend beyond these; 

APG

The findings suggest a marked reduction in the skin irritation effect of cosmetics.

APG from Redox

Redox’s Alkyl polyglucoside is available in various packing sizes, including drum and IBC configurations, coming in a range of INCI classifications:

With activity levels ranging from 50% to 70%.

Presently quotations from our manufacturing partners are valid for two days max due mainly to the fact that fatty alcohols are being diverted to make biodiesel. 

Biofuels have become more economically attractive due to recent skyrocketing crude oil prices, so it’s crucial you work with a supplier that can secure consistent quality; Redox is in an excellent position to fulfil and exceed your expectations. 

Contact one of our experts to discover how Redox can be an essential element of your sourcing strategy.

In 1814 a German scientist named Friedrich Ferdinand Runge developed a method to extract pure cocoa powder into its most potent form. The result was a white powder containing both fat molecules (known as acids) and sugars, which create energy when digested in our body. Today that substance (caffeine) is easily extracted and used to make various products we consume daily.

 

Caffeine and its numerous uses

We all know that caffeine is found in our daily coffees and teas; some might also be familiar with its move into the energy drinks and the sports performance markets. The reason it has been so effective and popular in these products is that caffeine keeps us awake, alert, and active whenever a little more energy is needed.

A lesser but more recent use case is caffeine in hair care products. Caffeine boosts hair growth by stimulating the hair roots. Haircare products with caffeine also strengthen the hair itself and make it more manageable on a day to day basis.

And it’s not just used in women’s hair products. Many men face early hair loss due to the effects of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which acts on susceptible hair follicles. Caffeine penetrates the hair roots and stimulates them, delaying or subverting male pattern baldness.

Whether it’s brewed from an espresso, downed in sweet tea, savoured in chocolate or consumed in cola, caffeine is a mild stimulant to the central nervous system that has become a standard fixture in everyday life.

Caffeine shampoo

The main benefit of caffeine is that it can help promote hair growth straight from the root in the initial phases of hair growth

Synthetic v Natural Caffeine

These days the majority of the caffeine used in the market is synthetically derived as it is more cost effective to produce than the natural manufacturing process. Caffeine is found naturally in plants that humans have been consuming for thousands of years such as fruit, leaves, coffee beans, cacao, and guarana plants.

Caffeine: did you know?

Here are some fascinating facts about caffeine to consider:

How can we help?

Working with a supplier that can guarantee consistent quality is critical; Redox is in a great position to meet and exceed your expectations.

We offer both synthetic and naturally derived sources of caffeine across all regions. The supply of this item has been challenging for the past couple of years and requires a lot of planning to ensure continuity of supply. To avoid disruptions, Redox encourages its customers to plan ahead assuming long lead times than in the past.

Contact one of our specialists to learn how Redox can be an integral part of your sourcing strategy.

The rise of the industrial phosphates industry has gone hand in hand with technologies to purify phosphoric acid. During the 1960s and 70s, chemical producers raced to develop an adequately pure phosphoric acid for manufacture.

Two processes prevailed in the manufacturing of purified Phosphoric acid:

The thermal process typically produces a more concentrated and purer product. Still, it is energy-intensive, whereas the wet process undergoes a ten-step purified process of Ag grade phosphoric acid (involves sulphuric acid & rock phosphate).

Both methods meet FCC standards for food use.

How is Phosphoric acid being used?

It’s a highly versatile and economical product where users are generally chasing its medium-strong strength acidic nature, Phosphorus (P) content or both.

Main uses include – 

The latest and most exciting use is in Lithium batteries for electric cars. 

lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery

The future: Tesla, among other manufactures announce intentions to use lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery chemistry in its smaller vehicles.

Announced as part of the third-quarter earnings report, Tesla reported that all entry-level Model 3 and Model Y electric vehicles would be equipped with lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery cells, an excellent stimulus for the iron phosphate industry.

Our commitment to our customers

We deal in Purified Phosphoric Acid (PPA – white or clean), white being the most commercially important, accounting for 99% of demand worldwide

We have established a substantial Australian & New Zealand market share due to our long term partnerships with some of the worlds most prominent and most reliable PPA producers.

Whilst PPA is predominately produced in China, we have sources in Europe, Vietnam, the USA and some other smaller regions, ensuring continuity of supply to our many customers across Australia, New Zealand, and now into the USA and Malaysia.

This year, in particular, had demonstrated our capacity to continue to supply when the market fluctuations were at their highest, due primarily to China’s energy and environmental constraints as well as world shipping difficulties linked with the COVID pandemic.

How we can help

We supply 1000L IBC’s in Australia, bringing drums, carboys, and Isotainers. Strengths are 85%, 81% and 75%, and generally, in lower temp climates, users will use lower strength to avoid a slight chance of crystallisation. 

Our massive stock levels across our warehouses allow us to fulfil orders at short notice regardless of the required quantity and deliver them to any location across our customer base.

Working with a supplier that can guarantee consistent quality is critical; Redox is in a great position to meet and exceed your expectations. Contact one of our industry specialists today.

EVA Resin is an elastomeric polymer that produces rubber-like materials known for their soft and flexible properties.

It is predominantly used in numerous crucial industrial areas such as:

But the use cases don’t end there, EVA foam is extremely versatile but is taken for granted by most even though it’s found in automotive, building, marine, electronics, healthcare, product packaging, sports, leisure, and recreation products. No doubt, you own something or have used something that contains this flexible material.

For example:

Soccer Kick. Footballer Kicking Ball on Grass Pitch. Football Soccer Player Hits a Ball. Soccer Boots Close Up

EVA foam is extremely adaptable, most people take it for granted despite the fact that it’s used in a variety of items.

EVA foam is highly adaptable, and most people take it for granted despite the fact that it’s used in a variety of items.

EVA has excellent clarity and gloss and possesses low-temperature toughness; it’s vUV resistant, contains waterproof adhesive properties, is chemical-resistant, and has excellent processability.

As you can see, it’s an excellent and adaptable material.

Working with a supplier that can guarantee consistent quality is critical; Redox is in a great position to meet and exceed your expectations. Contact one of our industry specialists today.

Lysine was first isolated from milk protein by the German biological chemist Ferdinand Drechsel in 1889 and subsequently manufactured by German chemists Emil Fischer and Fritz Weigert some 12 years later.

It was a significant advancement since, unlike other amino acids, the human body cannot produce Lysine and therefore must be ingested via food. Meat, fish, dairy, eggs, and some plants such as soy are all excellent sources.

Lysine for animal feed

Plant-based diets generally contain low levels of Lysine, methionine, threonine, and other essential amino acids. Adding feed grade amino acids to diets can significantly improve animal performance and development.

Amino Acids in Animal Nutrition 

Lysine is used across various industries, including pharmaceuticals, nutritional supplements, and the cosmetics sectors; however, it is also an essential dietary supplement widely utilised to feed poultry, pigs, and other livestock.

Farm animals, in particular, chickens and pigs, are usually fed plant-based diets that generally contain low levels of Lysine, methionine, threonine, and other essential amino acids.

Deficiencies of these amino acids impede animal performance and development while impairing immunological function. As a result, in the 1960s, crystalline L-Lysine HCL crystals were produced commercially and made available for piglet diets to correct this issue.

Lysine is the most abundant essential amino acid in pigs’ and chickens’ skeletal muscle protein. Deficiencies in Lysine will limit muscle growth and divert Lysine away from immunological purposes, increasing mortality.

In typical wheat-barley-soybean based diets, Lysine is the first limiting amino acid for pigs and the second limiting amino acid for chickens. Any gap between the dietary lysine concentration and animal requirements needs to be fulfilled by adding crystalline L-Lysine or more soybean meal.

Adding more soybean meal will raise feed costs and other amino acid concentrations, resulting in protein loss as waste.

Lysine in the Market

Although currently it is produced from a corn starch base, genetic engineering research is actively pursuing bacterial strains to improve production efficiency and allow it to be made from other substrates.

Lysine fermentation by Corynebacterium glutamicum was developed in 1958 by Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co. Ltd. and is the second oldest amino acid fermentation process after glutamate fermentation. The fundamental mechanism of lysine production, discovered in the early stages of the process’s history, gave birth to the concept known as “metabolic regulatory fermentation,” which is now widely applied to metabolite production.

Lysine production process

BESTAMINO L-lysine is produced by the advanced fermentation process using raw materials such as corn and sugar cane, thus combining sustainability and efficiency in animal nutrition.

Lysine production for animal feed is a primary global industry; according to Trygve Brautaset, who published his findings in All About Feed in 2010, Lysine output for animal feed is approximately 700,000 tons and has an estimated market value of over €1.22 billion.

By 2020 Lysine fermentation production was estimated to underpin a demand of more than 2.5 million metric tons per year.

We can help

Working with a reliable supplier is essential. Our exclusive partnership with Cheil Jedang Bio gives Redox exclusive access to Bestamino Lysine via their manufacturing facilities located across the world in China, Indonesia, Brazil, and the United States. We currently stock and supply our customers within Australia and New Zealand and are well-positioned to meet and exceed your needs.

To assure our customers get the best products at the best price, we can source Lysine in a variety of packing sizes across the entire range of L-Form Amino Acids, including:

Contact one of our industry specialists today and ask us what we can do for you for the best price and service on Lysine.

Flotation reagents are a crucial processing technology that has remained relatively unchanged since its introduction, though It has seen numerous advancements in both use, technology, and reagents over the years.

Then and now

Initially employed in the mining and mineral processing sectors, it was one of the most significant 20th century enabling technologies. The ancient Greek, Persian, and Egyptian writings are among the earliest indications of this technology’s antiquity.

However, contemporary flotation methods are more a testament to significant technological advancements in flotation chemistry and chemicals than hardware and manual labour.

Flotation-reagents-process

The froth flotation process is about taking advantage of the natural hydrophobicity of liberated (well ground) minerals/metals and making/playing on making them hydrophobic (water-repel) individually to carefully separate them from one another and the slurry they are in.

Mineral Processing

Froth flotation is a method of separating minerals from gangue by exploiting differences in hydrophobicity. Wetting agents and surfactants are used to make the hydrophobic distinctions between valuable material and waste gangue possible.

The selective separation of the minerals makes processing mixed ores a more economically feasible task. It is particularly effective in treating fine minerals and solves the complex recovery process of valuable components in many fine mineral particles. The flotation process separates an extensive range of sulphides, carbonates and oxides before further refinement.

Flotation has advanced considerably in the last decade, introducing froth flotation equipment, froth flotation reagents, and froth flotation technology. These advances have contributed to more than 60% – 70% of the ore in the world being separated by the froth flotation method.

The development of froth flotation has improved the recovery of valuable minerals, such as copper- and lead-bearing minerals. Along with mechanized mining, it has allowed the economic recovery of valuable metals from much lower grade ore than previously possible.

Some of the advantages of the froth flotation method include:

Flotation reagents being used in gold mining floatation tanks

Flotation reagents being used in gold mining floatation tanks.

Different Classifications

Flotation reagents are classified according to the role they play in flotation. Collectors, frothers, regulators, and depressants are used as classifications for such reagents.

How can we help?

It’s essential to work with a supplier that can guarantee consistent quality; Redox can supply within Australia, New Zealand, and the United States and is in a great position to meet and exceed your expectations; contact one of our industry specialists today.

 

 

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